Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) is a State Plan Scheme of special additional Central Assistance launched by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer Welfare, Government of India and National Development Council (NDC).
The main objectives of the scheme are:
RKVY 2016-17 (SCHEMES UNDER IMPLEMENTATION)
During 2016-17, out of the approved allocation of Rs. 3300.00 Lakh under RKVY, an amount of Rs. 203.00 Lakh was sanctioned. Accordingly, following schemes are under implementation on priority basis.
This component comprises of the following two activities:
Development and up gradation of departmental Fish and Fish Seed farm:
Under this scheme, an amount of Rs. 146.00 lakh has been earmarked for development of 36.5 ha of water area of departmental fish and fish seed farm.
Input cost for fish seed rearing ponds ( 2015-16):
During 2015-16, an area of 6.25 ha was developed. No inputs were provided, therefore, an amount of Rs. 3.28 lakh (RKVY share) has been allotted for procurement of inputs.
Exposure visit of 50 farmers to Andhra Pradesh/ West Bengal in two batches @ 25 farmers:
Under this activity, an amount of Rs. 3.50 lakh has been allotted. 50 numbers of progressive farmers will be taken to aquaculture farms of Andhra Pradesh/ West Bengal on exposure visit in 2 batches.
An amount of Rs. 2.59 has earmarked as administrative cost for all the implementing districts, State Head quarter and Administrative department.
Project proposal amounting to Rs. 36.00 Crore as RKVY project share has been prepared and approved by State Level Sanctioning Committee on 22.06.2017. The project has been supported by Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, DADF, Government of India with some suggestions. The Project as a whole under fisheries sector aims at enhanced fish & seed production and infrastructure development which fall under the focus area of RKVY guidelines. Brief outline of the schemes are placed as follows.
This component comprises of the following four activities:
Renovations of old ponds are essential to increase the productivity of fish ponds. Therefore, this scheme is proposed to take renovative measures of existing ponds & tanks that include need based rising of bunds, repairing of pond dykes, dewatering and de-siltation of ponds, removal of weeds etc.
Arrangement of different types of training at different levels, education and exposure visits are of great importance to improve the job performance of the staff. It is therefore proposed to conduct training and exposure visit within the country in batches.
Unless farmers are properly educated and motivated to take up latest technologies in the field of fisheries, desired development can’t be realized. Hence, skilled manpower with broad based knowledge and hand on practical experiences in aqua farming is most important consideration for ensuring the success.
Create awareness and publicity in mass media among the people is very important to share ideas and knowledge. One of the factors identified for low fish production in the state is poor resources management and lack of motivation and awareness towards scientific culture practices. Considering the importance of awareness and publicity, scheme is proposed with 100% share.
The activities proposed are as follows:
The department proposed to expand areas through construction of new fish ponds for aquaculture to get additional fish production in the state. Thrust will be on utilization of the low-lying wetland not suitable for agriculture and depending on availability and interest, community based pond will also be taken into consideration.
The state is almost self-sufficient in fish seed production with 6758 million fish seed in the form of fry during 2016-17. However, fingerlings are still not available in the state for stocking. One of the major reasons identified is lack of sufficient rearing areas from fry to fingerlings. It is therefore proposed to take up construction of rearing tank under private sector with 50% project share during 2017-18.
Fish seed presently produced from large eco-hatcheries are genetically of poor quality due to in-breeding and cross-breeding which leads to inadequate annual growth and productivity per unit area. Although there are large number of fish seed hatcheries in the state, still there are areas with dearth of fish seed, particularly in the remote areas, to which priority will be given under the proposed scheme.
In the State, few fish markets were constructed under different programmes. Road side rural fish markets have also been developed under RKVY. However the ongoing fish markets are not in very good shape of operation considering consumers safety, waste disposal, drainage and overall hygiene. Considering these aspects, under RKVY 2017-18 it is proposed to develop and upgrade existing fish markets, initially targeting the urban areas.
As fish is a perishable commodity and there is every chance of degradation in quality of fish during storage and transportation resulting consumers safety in stake. Due to lack of sufficient ice fishermen/traders are forced to sell fish at lower prices. In many cases traders are not using ice adequately to minimize cost. Ice plants near the fish markets or major landing centre will address the issue of scarcity of ice. Additionally it is also expected to make ice available at lower price.
This component comprises of following activities
Ornamental fish sector is not well organized in the state whereas a large number of indigenous fishes are reported to have demand in national and international markets. Therefore, it is proposed to support ornamental fish production and marketing through breeding, production and marketing units under this activity.
Women play a very important role not only for development of the household but also for uplift of present socio-economic condition of the State. One of the important areas in fisheries, where women can easily get involved is value addition to fish products. SHGs formed exclusively by women and registered under the Fisheries Department will be supported under the scheme.
The project proposes to upgrade the existing State Fish Laboratory to offer the necessary services for the farmers. There are four main concerns of State fish laboratory viz. water testing, soil testing, feed testing and health hazard/disease control. In Assam, there is no such kind of specific laboratory for fisheries sector that provides above mentioned facilities to farmers at same location. Thus, there is a need for upgrading the laboratory to a state of art laboratory. In this context, this scheme is proposed as 100% project share for strengthening of State Fish Laboratory.
Under this scheme, seminar/ workshops / meetings are proposed to be organized among stakeholders and involvement of different institutes of state and national repute. These will mainly focus on e-governance, resource mapping, geo-tagging, innovation practices, strategic plan, monitoring and evaluation syatems etc.
The Gopinath Bordoloi Tank under the Department of Fisheries covering about 6 ha water area is lying just beside the State Fisheries Head Quarter at Guwahati. There is tremendous scope for developing this tank in the heart of Guwahati as an eco-friendly aqua-park for increasing production, revenue generation, providing recreational facilities to the citizen and a demonstration model. It is also envisaged to utilize solar energy for the related activities. As it will take a longer time for accomplishing the project, it is intended to take up in a phased manner. Accordingly, an amount of Rs 30.00 lakh is proposed during 2017-18.
1% of the total project cost is earmarked as administrative cost for all the implementing districts, State Head quarter and Administrative department.